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'Re[2]: Tie outputs together? ... and more'
1997\04\07@182951 by Kurt Kuhlmann

picon face
       PICs will sink better than source current for the same reason that
N-channel MOSFETs perform better than P-Channel MOSFETs (electrons have much
better mobility in Si than holes)  We rate the output stages to do +-25mA, but
in fact the parts stay cooler and have more 'headroom' if you're sinking

-Kurt Kuhlmann

______________________________ Reply Separator _________________________________
Subject: Re: Tie outputs together? ... and more
Author:  Clyde Smith-Stubbs <spam_OUTclydeTakeThisOuTspamHTSOFT.COM> at Internet_Exchange
Date:    4/8/97 6:41 AM

Thus spake Gustaf Tham (.....gthamKILLspamspam@spam@LIDKOPING.MAIL.TELIA.COM):

> 1.  I need more than 25mA.  I know it works to tie outputs
>     together, but is it safe, as long as the specified max
>     current of the port is not exceeded?  I have a feeling
>     it's frowned upon.  I measured the short-circuit current

It's safe. Indeed, providing you respect all limits, it's recommended
in some circumstances.

> 2.  Isn't sinking slightly better/more efficient than
>     sourcing?

It used to be :-) With TTL and NMOS logic, the output drivers are not
symmetrical, and pull-down capabilities are much greater than pull-up.
With CMOS this is not true unless specifically designed that way. Check
the specs for the chip - look at the maximum sink and source currents for
a pin, and the output voltage at a specific current. Generally speaking
you will find no significant difference for CMOS chips like the PIC. There
are some outputs that are open-drain, and therefore can't pull up at all.
There are also some CMOS chips around that are designed with better pull-down
capability but that's unusual.

> 3.  Is a PIC likely to die from things like a momentary
>     short-circuit of an output, like during measuring?

No, not likely. There will be some limiting time after which you will damage
the chip if excessive current is being sourced or sunk - what it is is hard
to say, but a few seconds won't usually kill the chip - but if it does, don't
blame me!

> Thanks.  I don't have a formal education in this field,
> so excuse the amateurish angle.

Don't apologize. You asked clear, sensible questions, which is something
to be valued.

Cheers, Clyde

Clyde Smith-Stubbs    | HI-TECH Software,       | Voice: +61 7 3354 2411      | P.O. Box 103, Alderley, | Fax:   +61 7 3354 2422 | QLD, 4051, AUSTRALIA.   |
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