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Heap management for small microcontrollers

by Isaac Marino Bavaresco

This if file "malloc.asm". It is an optional substitution for the file "malloc.c". It is much more optimized, but works only for PIC18 in extended mode with Microchip MPLAB-C18.

;===============================================================================
; This file is part of "Heap Management For Small Microcontrollers".
; v1.05 (2009-06-29)
; isaacbavaresco@yahoo.com.br
;===============================================================================
; Copyright (c) 2007-2009, Isaac Marino Bavaresco
; All rights reserved.
;
; Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
; modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
;     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
;       notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
;     * Neither the name of the author nor the
;       names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products
;       derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
;
; THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ''AS IS'' AND ANY
; EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
; WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
; DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY
; DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
; (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
; ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
; (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
; SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
;===============================================================================
#include <P18CXXX.INC>
;===============================================================================
		radix	decimal
;===============================================================================
#include <heap_config.h>
;===============================================================================
#if	  USING_FREE_RTOS == 1
;-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
		extern	vTaskSuspendAll
		extern	xTaskResumeAll
#define	LOCALS_SIZE	4
DISABLE_INTERRUPTS macro
		call	vTaskSuspendAll
		endm

RESTORE_INTERRUPTS macro
		call	xTaskResumeAll
		endm
;-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#else	; USING_FREE_RTOS == 1
;-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#define	LOCALS_SIZE	5
DISABLE_INTERRUPTS macro
;			Aux	 = INTCON & 0xc0;
		movlw	0xc0
		andwf	INTCON,w,ACCESS
		movwf	[Aux+0]
;			INTCON	&= 0x3f;
		movlw	0x3f
		andwf	INTCON,f,ACCESS
		endm

RESTORE_INTERRUPTS macro
;			INTCON	|= Aux;
		movf	[Aux+0],w
		iorwf	INTCON,f,ACCESS
		endm
;-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#endif	; USING_FREE_RTOS == 1
;===============================================================================
ALLOC		code
;===============================================================================
#define Length	0
#define	p	4
#define q	6
#define	Aux	8

		extern	__freelist
		extern	vTaskSuspendAll
		extern	xTaskResumeAll
;===============================================================================
		global	malloc
;		void ram *malloc( sizeram_t Length )

malloc:		movff	FSR2L,POSTINC1
		movff	FSR2H,POSTINC1
		movff	FSR1L,FSR2L
		movff	FSR1H,FSR2H

		subfsr	2,4

;			{
;			struct _AllocBlock ram	*p,*q;
;		#if		USING_FREE_RTOS != 1
;			unsigned char Aux;
;		#endif	//	USING_FREE_RTOS != 1

		addfsr	1,LOCALS_SIZE

;			// We will not allocate 0 bytes.
;			if( Length == 0 )
		movf	[Length+0],w
		iorwf	[Length+1],w
		bnz	NotZero
;				// The allocation failed.
;				return NULL;
		clrf	PRODL,ACCESS
		clrf	PRODH,ACCESS
		bra	Ret

NotZero:	
;		//	// The length should always be even. (Not for 14 or 16 bit (program word) PICs).
;		//	Length = ( Length + 1 ) & -2;
;
;		infsnz	[Length+0],f
;		incf	[Length+1],f
;		bcf	[Length+0],0

;		#if		defined __18CXX || defined _PIC18
;			// The length should be at least 2. (Not for 14 bit (program word) PICs)
;			if( Length < sizeof __freelist.Next )
;				Length = sizeof __freelist.Next;
;		#endif	//	defined __18CXX || defined _PIC18

		movlw	2
		subwf	[Length+0],w
		movlw	0
		subwfb	[Length+1],w
		bc	TwoOrMore

		movlw	2
		movwf	[Length+0]

TwoOrMore:

;			DISABLE_INTERRUPTS();
		DISABLE_INTERRUPTS

;			// Then we iterate trough the free list to find a suitable block.
;			for( q = &__freelist,p = __freelist.Next; p != NULL && p->Length < Length; q = p, p = p->Next )
;				;	// Empty statement
 
		movlw	low __freelist		; for( q = &__freelist,
		movwf	[q+0]
		movlw	high __freelist
		movwf	[q+1]
 
		movff	__freelist+2,FSR0L	; p = __freelist.Next;
		movff	__freelist+3,FSR0H
 
Loop:		movf	FSR0L,w,ACCESS		; p != NULL
		iorwf	FSR0H,w,ACCESS
		bz	Fail

		movf	[Length+0],w		; && p->Length < Length;
		subwf	POSTINC0,w,ACCESS
		movf	[Length+1],w
		subwfb	POSTDEC0,w,ACCESS
		bc	Found

		movf	FSR0L,w,ACCESS		; q = p,
		movwf	[q+0]
		movf	FSR0H,w,ACCESS
		movwf	[q+1]

		addfsr	0,2			; p = p->Next );
		movf	POSTINC0,w,ACCESS
		movff	INDF0,FSR0H
		movwf	FSR0L,ACCESS

		bra	Loop

;			// If p is NULL is because there is no suitable block.
;			if( p == NULL )
;				{
;				RESTORE_INTERRUPTS();
;				// The allocation failed.
;				return NULL;
;				}

#if	  USING_FREE_RTOS == 1
Fail:		clrf	[p+0]
		clrf	[p+1]
#else	; USING_FREE_RTOS == 1
Fail:		clrf	PRODL,ACCESS
		clrf	PRODH,ACCESS
#endif	; USING_FREE_RTOS == 1
		bra	Epilog

;			// If the block length is not enough to be splitted, we allocate the whole block.
;			if( p->Length < Length + sizeof( struct _AllocBlock ))
;				{

Found:		movf	FSR0L,w
		movwf	[p+0]
		movf	FSR0H,w
		movwf	[p+1]

		movlw	0x04
		addwf	[Length+0],w
		movwf	PRODL,ACCESS
		movlw	0x00
		addwfc	[Length+1],w
		movwf	PRODH,ACCESS

		movf	PRODL,w,ACCESS
		subwf	POSTINC0,w,ACCESS
		movf	PRODH,w,ACCESS
		subwfb	POSTDEC0,w,ACCESS
		bc	SplitBlock

;				// Remove the block from the free list.
;				q->Next = p->Next;
 
AllocateWhole:	addfsr	0,2

		movff	POSTINC0,PRODL
		movff	POSTDEC0,PRODH
 
 		movsf	[q+0],FSR0L
		movsf	[q+1],FSR0H
		addfsr	0,2

		movff	PRODL,POSTINC0
		movff	PRODH,POSTDEC0

		bra	Finish
;				}
;			// We have to split the block.
;			else
;				{
#if		ALLOCATE_FROM_BEGINNING == 1

;				// Make the previous block point to the remaining of the block being split.
;				q->Next		= (struct _AllocBlock RAM *)( (unsigned char RAM *)p + Length + sizeof __freelist.Length );

SplitBlock:	movsf	[q+0],FSR0L
		movsf	[q+1],FSR0H
		addfsr	0,2

		movf	[p+0],w
		addwf	[Length+0],w
		movwf	[q+0]

		movf	[p+1],w
		addwfc	[Length+1],w
		movwf	[q+1]

		movlw	2
		addwf	[q+0],f
		movlw	0
		addwfc	[q+1],f

;				// Make q point to the remaining of the block being split.
;				q			= q->Next;

		movsf	[q+0],POSTINC0
		movsf	[q+1],POSTDEC0

;				// Set the lenght of the remaining of the block being split.
;				q->Length	= p->Length - Length - sizeof __freelist.Length;

		movsf	[p+0],FSR0L
		movsf	[p+1],FSR0H

		movf	[Length+0],w
		subwf	POSTINC0,w,ACCESS
		movwf	PRODL,ACCESS

		movf	[Length+1],w
		subwfb	POSTDEC0,w,ACCESS
		movwf	PRODH,ACCESS

		movlw	2
		subwf	PRODL,f,ACCESS
		movlw	0
		subwfb	PRODH,f,ACCESS

		movsf	[q+0],FSR0L
		movsf	[q+1],FSR0H

		movff	PRODL,POSTINC0
		movff	PRODH,POSTDEC0

;				// Set the new block length.
;				p->Length	= Length;

		movsf	[p+0],FSR0L
		movsf	[p+1],FSR0H
		movsf	[Length+0],POSTINC0
		movsf	[Length+1],POSTINC0

;				// Make the remaining of the block being split point to where the original block pointed.
;				q->Next		= p->Next;

		movff	POSTINC0,PRODL
		movff	POSTDEC0,PRODH

		movsf	[q+0],FSR0L
		movsf	[q+1],FSR0H
		addfsr	0,2
		movff	PRODL,POSTINC0
		movff	PRODH,POSTDEC0


#else	;	ALLOCATE_FROM_BEGINNING == 1

;				// Make p point to the begining of the new block.
;				pTemp = (struct _AllocBlock ram *)( (unsigned char ram *)p + p->Length - Length );

SplitBlock:	movf	POSTINC0,w,ACCESS
		addwf	[p+0],f
		movf	POSTDEC0,w,ACCESS
		addwfc	[p+1],f

		movf	[Length+0],w
		subwf	[p+0],f
		movf	[Length+1],w
		subwfb	[p+1],f

;				// Reduce the original block length.
;				p->Length -= Length + sizeof __freelist.Length;

		movf	[Length+0],w
		subwf	POSTINC0,f,ACCESS
		movf	[Length+1],w
		subwfb	POSTDEC0,f,ACCESS

		movlw	0x02
		subwf	POSTINC0,f,ACCESS
		movlw	0x00
		subwfb	POSTDEC0,f,ACCESS


;				// Set the new block length.
;				p = pTemp;
		movsf	[p+0],FSR0L
		movsf	[p+1],FSR0H

;				p->Length = Length;
		movsf	[Length+0],POSTINC0
		movsf	[Length+1],POSTDEC0

#endif	;	ALLOCATE_FROM_BEGINNING == 1
;				}
;

;			RESTORE_INTERRUPTS();

;			// return the address of the data area of the block.
;			return (unsigned char RAM *)p + sizeof __freelist.Length;
 
;			}

#if	  USING_FREE_RTOS == 1
Finish:		movlw	0x02
		addwf	[p+0],f
		movlw	0x00
		addwfc	[p+1],f
Epilog:		RESTORE_INTERRUPTS
		movsf	[p+0],PRODL
		movsf	[p+1],PRODH
#else	; USING_FREE_RTOS == 1
Finish:		movlw	0x02
		addwf	[p+0],w
		movwf	PRODL,ACCESS
		movlw	0x00
		addwfc	[p+1],w
		movwf	PRODH,ACCESS
Epilog:		RESTORE_INTERRUPTS
#endif	; USING_FREE_RTOS == 1

Ret:		subfsr	1,LOCALS_SIZE + 1
		movff	POSTDEC1,FSR2H
		movff	INDF1,FSR2L
		return	0
;===============================================================================
		end
;===============================================================================

file: /Techref/member/IMB-yahoo-J86/malloc.asm.htm, 10KB, , updated: 2010/4/14 13:58, local time: 2020/11/27 06:43, owner: IMB-yahoo-J86,
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